Top 5 Istanbul Food Items You Can’t Leave Without

Istanbul Food Markets Turkish Pantry

What to buy in Istanbul by Olga Irez of Delicious Istanbul

Ah, once I was also seduced by a cheap Gucci silk scarf, overpaid for a bag of apple tea and had a beautiful ceramic plate foisted off on me. All these goodies were then shipped to my parents’ place and stored in a large cupboard. Thanks God, I have managed to avoid buying a carpet. In time I have developed a more practical approach to my Istanbul shopping and whenever I go back home I get only things that would definitely be used and enjoyed by my near and dear. And yes, I am talking about food.

There is great wisdom in bringing some Istanbul food disguised as edible souvenirs instead random colorful beauties you will find in the tourist shops and here is why:

  • Your gift will be authentic and locally produced: While you may think that global labor sourcing is a purely Western phenomenon Turkish carpet sellers have been proving you wrong by getting some of their “antique” kilims shipped from China factories. Not to mention all the colorful “ethnic” junk that is surprisingly similar in most tourist destinations around the world.
  • Your gift will be truly enjoyed and used for its purpose: You remember how you wondered what to do with yet another souvenir your friends got for you from their last vacation? Your gift strategy will not leave people clueless – they will eat what you have brought and will and truly enjoy it.
  • You will have great fun shopping for your gifts: I encourage you to shop for food in Istanbul at the places where the locals do. This does not include the airport duty-free (locals get branded perfume not food from there). Head out to a local market or even to a family-run neighborhood grocery and seize this fantastic opportunity to experience the city as a local.
  • You can keep the gift to yourself: And finally, what can be better than savoring the memories from your marvelous stay in Istanbul as you indulge the smell or taste of he food wonders you have brought home? I know you wish those things lasted longer. What to do – book your next trip to Istanbul and come for more!

So let me share my tips on top 5 of the Istanbul food items you should definitely take home  – for yourself or as a wonderful edible souvenir.

Edible Istanbul Souvenir No.1: Spices

Spices are the backbone of the Turkish cooking: their variety may be not as mind-blowing as in the South Asia or Middle East yet no single Turkish dish is made without throwing in a flavorful pinch in it. Many spices you will find at the local markets of Istanbul are grown in the country – red flake pepper (pul biber), Urfa pepper (isot), oregano (kekik), mint (nane), cumin (kumion), or sumac (sumak). Turkish saffron (safran) grown in the Northern Anatolia is not as valuable as the Iranian one and is best use for medicinal purposes.

If you are going to do some spice shopping in Istanbul but not sure about what to buy you may want to educate yourself little bit: as you dine during your trip to Istanbul ask what spices give the flavor to the dishes you are eating. By the time you get down to the shopping you will have a list. Spices are best bought from the specialty shops that sell them loose. I personally have a prejudice against the pre-packaged stripes featuring up to a dozen of spices – they may look like a good present but I doubt their freshness. 100g of any spice should be enough to keep you going for quite a long while.

Edible Istanbul Souvenir No.2: Dried Fruits and Nuts

Turkey is the world’s largest producer of hazelnut (or “the miracle nut”, as it is labeled in the trade promotion of this Turkish crop) and among the world’s leaders in the production of dried figs, apricots and raisins. The quantity definitely translates into quality here. I don’t think many people can indifferently pass a shop with the sacks of dried fruits and nuts to the cries of the salesmen encouraging to sample them. Golden raisins and sun-dried black apricots, dried mulberry and hazelnuts, dried plums and çerez, a snack of mixed nuts served with apéritifs in Turkey. You really can got nuts while choosing between the shelled (kabuklu) or peeled, salted (tuzlu) or plain, roasted (kavrulmuş) or fresh, grounded (toz), flaked (file) or whole.

When you buy nuts in Istanbul you need to pay attention to their smell and taste: in time the oil in nuts gets rancid and you want to make sure that they do not smell oil that has gone off or taste bitter. You want to be particularly careful when you buy peeled walnuts or any roasted or ground nuts as those tend to go rancid faster. Trust your taste buds rather than a pushy salesman – you don’t need to have a very sensitive palate to tell the rancid taste.

Edible Istanbul Souvenir No.3: Turkish Delight

These sugar-dusted cubes of thickened milk or fruit syrup often made with dry nuts are also called lokum. The treat has been know since the Ottoman times when it was eaten for digestion after meals. Of all the Turkish sweets this one is the easiest to carry and store (keeps up to three months) – that’s why it has become such a hit among the tourists coming to Istanbul. Everybody seems to be making and selling it – you will see a wealth of varieties of Turkish delight made of grape syrup (pekmez), milk, with walnuts or pistachio added, flavored with rose water, mint, fruits or spices.

Once you are in Istanbul it will be a shame to get a pack of mix Turkish delight at a supermarket or at the airport duty-free. Make some time to stroll down to a good specialty shop for the freshest lokum made according to the recipes that have kept Istanbulites happy for decades.

Edible Istanbul Souvenir No.4: Cheese

If you have been lucky to have a proper breakfast at your hotel or even more luck has poured on you and you have got a chance to breakfast at a Turkish home you will know that Turkey has something to brag about when it comes to cheeses. Besides the white cheese (beyaz peynir) that is a staple for Turkish breakfast and a king of starters served with melon for your dinner with rakı there is a whole bunch of tastes, shapes, colors and textures – yellow blocks of kaşar peyniri, light-yellow fumed çerkez peyneri, crumbly lor peyniri (curd cheese) or white fibers of tel peyniri (wire cheese). For better or worse, Turks do not seem to care as much as French or Italians about marketing their cheeses outside the country. That’s why if you have fallen for some of Turkish cheeses during your stay in Istanbul (or just willing to take my word for it) you need to get some cheese shopping done.

Look, smell and try. What may seem as plain vanilla (white cheese) actually comes in different flavors – as I personally like creamier texture I make sure not to get drier and slightly bitter varieties. Watch out for molds and oily spots on the cheese- as most of the Turkish cheese is either fresh or soft presence of molds on the surface means that the cheese is off – quite unlike to the hard varieties as with them you can just cut off the molds and still eat the rest.

Edible Istanbul Souvenir No.4: Turkish Coffee

Black as hell, strong as death, and sweet as love – this way Turks affectionately refer to the coffee they prepare. Traditional Turkish coffee is distinctive from other types in many ways: thick foam it is served with keeps it warm so you can enjoy it more, its velvet texture stays on the palate longer bringing a good rounding to a good meal and the grounds remaining in the cup are very handy when it comes to fortune telling. Not everyone falls for this traditional Turkish drink but if you do and would love to ship some home there are a few things you need to know before buying.

Turkish coffee refers to the particular grind, way of preparation and serving. Arabica beans mostly from Brazil are used to make Turkish coffee; they get roasted and then grounded into very fine powder, much finer than for espresso. Turkish coffee is prepared in cezve, a Turkish coffeepot, by mixing coffee with water, desired amount of sugar and then bringing the mixture to boil as you continuously stir it. Most popular brand of Turkish coffee is Mehmet Efendi, you can get it even in the supermarkets (and the duty free shop at a hefty premium) yet you may get more adventurous with looking out for more small-scale Turkish coffee vendors who do their own roasting in the shops scattered around key markets in Istanbul. Or find out more on the right places to shop and best ways to do so in Istanbul in my post about Istanbul Spice Market.

{ 17 comments… add one }
  • ila September 12, 2011, 7:23 pm

    your blog is really yummy 🙂
    My friend is visiting Istanbul in a week.
    Would you tell me if you get good dried cranberries there?
    ALso tell me where to get them and the price range if possible.Thanks a ton 🙂

  • Olga September 14, 2011, 3:15 pm

    Thanks for stopping by my blog and finding it useful. You can get dry cranberries in Istanbul under the name of yaban mersini and at the price of about 20 TL. Most good shops selling dry fruits and nuts would sell it – if you are around the Spice Market try Malatia Pazari

  • Jane C February 14, 2012, 8:35 pm

    I did well last May – I got 4 out of the 5! I didn’t think the cheese would travel well…. I also got the fresh tomato and pepper pastes (love the vacuum pack!) that are out of this world and I can’t get it here in Southern California. There are lots of Persian/Middle Eastern grocery stores around here, so I’m lucky. What I’m lusting after now are some of the unique kitchen tools….

    Thanks for the great blog, Olga!

    • Olga Tikhonova February 14, 2012, 10:19 pm

      Jane, I am glad you took the best of your stay in Istanbul and got the food shopping right! I loved Middle Eastern grocery shops when I lived in Norway and it’s indeed a luck to have them around. By the way there you may try to ask people about authentic kitchen utensils: they may have a clue.

      • Pat Mc June 23, 2012, 8:10 pm

        I too had a wonderful experience last year in Turkey – I was able to buy a particular spice for a good friend of mine and a small variety of personal favorites. However I must admit I succumb to the “teas” that I saw and now have (vacuum packed) two kinds of “tea”. What is the best way to make these – use it to flavor regular tea; or just steep on its own – I did add some to Tai tea and it added flavor but would prefer to make it correctly.

        • Olga Tikhonova June 23, 2012, 8:36 pm

          Pat, I am glad you had great time shopping in Turkey! Now sure which type of tea you are talking about. It is regular black tea then you may want to check my post on how to brew it Turkish style. If it is herbal tea you can have it on its own (meaning brewing it in a porcelain teapot) or add to base green / black tea to give it additional flavor. Hope this is helpful

  • Cecilia May 27, 2012, 7:47 pm

    Thank you for very helpful information 🙂

  • sarala naidu September 14, 2012, 10:18 am

    hi olga,
    thanks for the info ,will be in istanbul for a week from 25 to 2 oct ,will surely try to shop for all the stuff you have mentioned.loved ur post.

  • Natalia November 9, 2012, 2:27 pm

    Olga, thanks for useful information!
    I am planning to go to Istanbul in December, just wondering – is it better to buy the nuts/fruits/spices in the Grand Bazaar or some particular shops?
    It would also be nice if someone could write approx. prices, for example for tea (hibiscus) and some most typical things you bought, just t be aware of the “real” prices, not the offered ones to a typical tourist 😀

    • Olga Tikhonova November 9, 2012, 8:31 pm

      Natalia, excited for you to experience Istanbul first hand! For spices I always recommend Arifoğlu – check my post on the Spice Market for details, for dry fruits and nuts – Kesekler outside the Spice Market are the champions in quality, price and customer service. The real prices I am getting may be not a great benchmark since I mostly buy larger quantities from local stores. Don’t worry about the price so much, simply go with a trusted vendor. The ones I’ve mentioned definitely belong to that category.

  • zal December 1, 2012, 7:04 pm

    Hi olga, thank you for the very useful posts. Reading your posts make me look forward to my trip there even more! where would you recommend for the best turkish delights and baklava? it would be great if you could drop me a few names and locations so that i could search with some directions, instead of groping around in the dark! thanks :))

    • Olga Tikhonova December 2, 2012, 12:25 am

      Zal, excited for your upcoming trip to Istanbul! For baklava I can recommend Güllüoğlu Karaköy For Turkish delight – Haci Bekir (stores on Istiklal and in Sirkeci will be mostly conveniently located), this one is classic yet renown for their grumpy sales staff. If you make it to the Asian side you are in luck because then you can visit Bilgeoğlu for baklava and Cafer Erol for Turkish delight, both proudly serving shoppers of the Kadıköy market for decades.

      • zal December 2, 2012, 10:09 am

        thank you for the prompt reply olga! thank you also for the very helpful and detailed reply. will check those stores out 🙂 cheers from Singapore!

  • Timi December 26, 2012, 10:37 am

    We are here for a 10 day visit. This is day 2. Really enjoy your blog. Thanks.

  • Luiz Felipe February 13, 2013, 9:00 am

    Thank you so much for your site, Olga, it has been really helpful in this trip to Istanbul.

    But, speaking of food souvenirs, I was looking to bring some caviar back home for my father – he loves the stuff and it is IMPOSSIBLE to find in Brazil. Do you recommend a specific vendor?

    All the best 🙂

    • Olga Tikhonova Irez February 14, 2013, 12:16 am

      My pleasure, Luiz! For caviar I can recommend checking out deli called Namlı Pastırmacı (Hasırcılar Cad. No: 14/16, outside of the Spice Market): in Turkey you can mostly find reliable red caviar such as salmon (in Russian we mostly eat this kind of affordable red caviar). Please, do stay away from anyone trying to sell you black caviar in Istanbul – I would seriously doubt the origin, freshness and fairness of the price.

  • Melissa June 30, 2014, 8:42 pm

    I wish I could make lokum from Kesekler last 3 months! It is fabulous. I’m lucky if I get out of the country with any left at all. For my money (and it isn’t cheap) it is much fresher and more flavorful than that purchased from the more traditional stores. They have just about anything else you might want for a flight-home snack. It’s always my last stop in Istanbul.


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